Kenya 2016 – Hell’s Gate National Park and Arabuko-Sokoke Forest

Kenya 2016 – Arabuko-Sokoke Forest and Hell’s Gate National Park

Zachary Harris



This winter I went on a family vacation to Kenya for nine days in over the Winter Holidays. Time constraints and budgets prohibited me from exploring the more famous national parks such as Masai Mara or Amboseli. However, I still got to do some quality mammal-watching in Hell’s Gate National Park and the Arabuko-Sokoke Forest. I saw twenty mammal species in all (though my two squirrel ID’s are not 100% certain). None were particularly rare, though it was exciting to see the endemic Golden-Rumped Elephant Shrews.


Day 1 12/25/2016

  • Arrived in Nairobi late at night. Saw some microbats flying around the floodlights at the airport’s exit.


Day 2 12/26

  • Stayed at the Milimani Backpackers Hostel in the Karen neighborhood of Nairobi. Saw a Black Kite and a squirrel species, probably an Ochre Bush Squirrel.
  • Visited City Park in the afternoon. The park is home to hundreds of Blue Monkeys. They are quite used to human presence and made excellent photography models. The park is mostly lawn but there is a river bordered by a forest flowing through it. I found a pair of Hadada Ibis near the water.
  • Pied crows are plentiful around city.


Day 3 12/27

  • Early morning in Milimani garden saw a robin chat species.
  • Hired a driver to take us to Hell’s Gate National Park, about 2.5 hours from Nairobi. Saw a flock of Helmeted Guineafowl on the road.
  • Saw a Hammerkop nest at Elsa Gate.
  • At the entrance to the Gorge trail saw Vervet Monkeys and Olive Baboons.
  • Driving and hiking around Hell’s Gate saw Plains Zebras, Common Warthogs, Maasai Giraffe, Cape Buffalo, Eland, Impala, Thomson’s Gazelle, and Grant’s Gazelle. Also saw Abyssinian Wheatear, Red-billed Oxpecker, Black-headed Heron, Cattle Egret, Superb Starling and an impressive Verreaux’s Eagle.
  • Stopped near Lake Naivasha to eat. Hippo’s can be found there, though we didn’t see any. I did get some excellent shots of Yellow-billed Stork, Sacred Ibis, Grey Heron, and African Jacana.


Day 4 12/28

  • Visited the Nairobi Botanical Gardens next to the National Museum. Decent birding area. In a half hour walk I was able to ID a Speckled Mousebird, African Paradise-Flycatcher, and a Cinnamon Chested Bee-eater. There were multiple other birds I couldn’t get good enough pictures to identify.
  • Saw a few small lizards sunning themselves in the courtyard. Too skittish to get an idea but I’d guess I saw at least one skink species and a gecko of the Hemidactylus genus.


Day 5 12/29

  • Hired a driver to take us from Nairobi to Mombasa. Passed Nairobi National Park where we saw Marabou Stork, Wildebeest, Maasai Giraffe, and Plains Zebra from the road.
  • A few hours later passed through Tsavo. Saw a magnificent African Bush Elephant along with a pair of Common Warthogs.
  • At the Voi gas station saw a Kenyan Rock Agama.

Day 6 12/30

  • Stayed in Diani Beach. On the beach found some Ghost Crabs, Hermit Crabs, Common Ringed Plover, and Grey Heron. Further in shore found some Red-cheeked Cordon Bleus, Giant Millipedes, a White-headed Dwarf Day Gecko and Angolan Colobus Monkeys. Did some snorkeling right off the beach. The reef was mostly dead but I heard that farther offshore there are some better reefs.
  • Saw a troop of Vervet Monkeys at a store in town.


Day 7 12/31

  • Spent the day sick at Midas Ecocamp. I stayed entertained by watching the White-headed Dwarf Day Geckos on the balcony.


Day 8 1/1

  • Woke up late at Midas Ecocamp. Saw a squirrel from the balcony. My blurry picture made identification difficult but I believe it was a Red Bush Squirrel.
  • Hired a boat to take us out to the coral reef at the Watamu Marine Reserve. While on the water saw a large pod of Indo-Pacific Bottlenose Dolphins. Also saw Lesser Crested Terns, an African Fish Eagle, and a Green Sea Turtle. Did some fantastic snorkeling on Watamu’s fairly healthy reef.


Day 9 1/2

  • Set off at 6:00am from Midas Ecocamp for a hike in the Arabuko-Sokoke Forest with the same guide from the previous day – Hassan from (Highly recommeded). Before we were even off the property we had already seen half a dozen Golden-Rumped Elephant Shrews scurrying about the brush. We took a 10 minute motorcycle taxi to the forest entrance, passing a troop of Yellow Baboons on the way.
  • While hiking through the forest we saw many more Golden-Rumped Elephant Shrews, a single Blue Monkey along with a small group of Suni Antelope. Apparently, the best way to see the Elephant Shrews is to hike as early as possible. We met some very dissapointed travelers who had failed to spot any because they were searching at midday.
  • The forest’s birdlife proved prolific. In a short two hour hike we saw African Goshawk, Tambourine Wood Dove, Green-backed Camaroptera, European Honey Buzzard, Trumpeter Hornbill, Tropical Boubou, Black-bellied Starling, Forest Weaver, and White-throated Bee-eater.
  • Reptiles: Tropical House Gecko, Flat-headed Leaf Toed Gecko, White-headed Dwarf Day Gecko, Tropical Girdled Lizard, and Speke’s Sand Lizard
  • The forest is famous for its butterflies and it is easy to see why. I saw a wide variety of very colorful species, including a Citrus Swallowtail, Blue Pansy, Larger Striped Swordtail, and three unknown Pieridae species. I also found another Giant Millepede.



Undoubtedly the best way to see mammal’s in Kenya is a large organized saffari in a park such as Masai Mara. However, for those put off by the cost of such an expedition, there are alternatives. From Nairobi it is only a 2.5 hour drive to Hell’s Gate National Park. Hiring a car and driver for the day only costed us about 160 USD, which was far less than we would have payed for admission and safari at Nairobi National Park. Alternatively, one could take a Matatu (minibus) from Nairobi city center for only about 10-20 USD round trip and explore the park on foot or rented mountain bike. Hell’s Gate is also close enough to Lake Naivasha to visit both in the same day. From Nairobi it is a short flight or eight hour bus/car ride to Mombassa, the starting place for any exploration of the coastal region. Alternatively, there is a recently re-opened train that runs twice a week from Nairobi to Mombasa. It is an 18 hour night train but apparently passes through Nairobi National and Tsavo during daylight hours allowing for excellent wildlife watching. The highway also runs through the park. From Mombasa, it is an easy 2-3 hour drive by bus or car to Arabuko-Sokoke. For those interested in exploring the park I highly recommend staying at Mida Ecocamp. It is a community run hostel that provides scholarship for local children. And Golden-Rumped Elephant Shrews can be seen on-site in the early morning! They have great contacts with the local guides, which is essential for exploring the forest. Overall, Kenya fully meets its excellent mammal-watching reputation, even for budget travelers.



Ochre Bush Squirrel
Paraxerus ochraceus

Red Bush Squirrel
Paraxerus palliatus

Blue Monkey
Cercopithecus mitis

Vervet Monkey
Chlorocebus pygerythrus

Olive Baboon
Papio anubis

Yellow Baboon
Papio cynocephalus

Angolan Colobus Monkey
Colobus angolensis

Plains Zebra
Equus quagga

Common Warthog
Phacochoerus africanus

Maasai Giraffe
Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi

Cape Buffalo
Syncerus caffer

Taurotragus oryx

Aepyceros melampus

Thomson’s Gazelle
Eudorcas thomsonii

Grant’s Gazelle
Nanger granti

Blue Wildebeest
Connochaetes taurinus

Suni Antelope
Neotragus moschatus

African Bush Elephant
Loxodonta africana

Indo-Pacific Bottlenose Dolphins
Tursiops aduncus

Golden-Rumped Elephant Shrews
Rhynchocyon chrysopygus



Black Kite
Milvus migrans

Verreaux’s Eagle
Aquila verreauxii

African Fish Eagle
Haliaeetus vocifer

African Goshawk
Accipiter tachiro

European Honey Buzzard
Pernis apivorus

Hadada Ibis
Bostrychia hagedash

Cattle Egret
Bubulcus ibis

Black-headed Heron
Ardea melanocephala

Yellow-billed Stork
Mycteria ibis

Sacred Ibis
Threskiornis aethiopicus

Grey Heron
Ardea cinerea

African Jacana
Actophilornis africanus

Scopus umbretta

Marabou Stork
Leptoptilos crumenifer

Helmeted Guineafowl
Numida meleagris

Common Ringed Plover
Charadrius hiaticula

Lesser Crested Tern
Thalasseus bengalensis

Trumpeter Hornbill
Bycanistes bucinator

Pied Crow
Corvus albus

Abyssinian Wheatear
Oenanthe lugubris

Superb Starling
Lamprotornis superbus

Red-billed Oxpecker
Buphagus erythrorhynchus

Speckled Mousebird
Colius striatus

African Paradise-Flycatcher
Terpsiphone viridis

Cinnamon Chested Bee-eater
Merops oreobates

White-throated Bee-eater
Merops albicollis

Red-cheeked Cordon Bleu
Uraeginthus bengalus

Tambourine Wood Dove
Turtur tympanistria

Green-backed Camaroptera
Camaroptera brachyura

Tropical Boubou
Laniarius aethiopicus

Black-bellied Starling
Lamprotornis corruscus

Forest Weaver
Ploceus bicolor



Green Sea Turtle
Chelonia mydas

Kenyan Rock Agama
Agama lionotus

Tropical Girdled Lizard
Cordylus tropidosternum

Speke’s Sand Lizard
Heliobolus spekii

White-headed Dwarf Day Gecko
Lygodactylus picturatus

Tropical House Gecko
Hemidactylus mabouia

Flat-headed Leaf Toed Gecko
Hemidactylus platycephalus



Larger Striped Swordtail Butterfly

Graphium antheus

Blue Pansy Butterfly
Junonia oenone

Citrus Swallowtail Butterfly
Papilio demodocus

Colotis sp
Colotis sp

Ghost Crabs
Ocypodidae sp

Hermit Crabs
Paguridae sp

Juliformia sp
Juliformia sp



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