Jon’s South American Life List

This list is based on my global mammalwatching checklist, available here.

At March 24 2020

DIDELPHIDAE
Brown-eared Wooly Opossum (Caluromys lanatus)
Bare-tailed Woolly Opossum (C.philander)
White-eared Opossum (Didelphis albiventris)
Brazilian Common Opossum (D.aurita)
Black-eared Opossum (D.marsupialis)
Andean White-eared Opossum (D.pernigra)
Agile Gracile Opossum (Gracilinanus agilis)
Woolly Mouse Opossum (Marmosa demerarae)
Little Rufous Mouse Opossum (M.lepida)
Robinson’s Mouse Opossum (M.robinsoni)
Amazonian Red-sided Opossum (Monodelphis glirina)
Gray Four-eyed Opossum (Philander opossum)
Small Fat-tailed Opossum (Thylamys pusillus)
TRICHECHIDAE
Amazonian Manatee (Trichechus inunguis)
DASYPODIDAE
Southern Naked-Tailed Armadillo (Cabassous unicinctus)
Large Hairy Armadillo (Chaetophractus villosus)
Greater Long-nosed Armadillo (Dasypus kappleri)
Nine-banded Armadillo (D.novemcinctus)
CHLAMYPHORIDAE
Yellow Armadillo (Euphractus sexcinctus)
Giant Armadillo (Priodontes maximus)
Southern Three-banded Armadillo (Tolypeutes matacus)
BRADYPODIDAE
Maned Three-toed Sloth (Bradypus torquatus)
Pale-throated Three-toed Sloth (B.tridactylus)
Brown-throated Sloth (B.variegatus)
MEGALONYCHIDAE
Linné’s Two-toed Sloth (Choloepus didactylus)
MYRMECOPHAGIDAE
Giant Anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla)
Southern Tamandua (Tamandua tetradactyla)
CALLITRICHIDAE
Black-crowned Dwarf Marmoset (Callibella humilis)
Goeldi’s Monkey (Callimico goeldii)
Buffy-tufted-ear Marmoset (Callithrix aurita)
Buffy-headed Marmoset (C.flaviceps)
Geoffroy’s Tufted-ear Marmoset (C.geoffroyi)
Common Marmoset (C.jacchus)
Wied’s Black-tufted-ear Marmoset (C.kuhlii)
Black-pencilled Marmoset (C.penicillata)
Pygmy Marmoset (Cebuella pygmaea)
Lesson’s Saddle-back Tamarin (Leontocebus fuscus)
Illiger’s Saddle-back Tamarin (L.illigeri)
Black Mantle Tamarin (L.nigricollis)
Golden-mantle Saddleback Tamarin (L.tripartitus)
Weddell’s Saddle-back Tamarin (L.weddelli)
Black-faced Lion Tamarin (Leontopithecus caissara)
Golden-headed Lion Tamarin (L.chrysomelas)
Black Lion Tamarin (L.chrysopygus)
Golden Lion Tamarin (L.rosalia)
Golden-white Tassel-ear Marmoset (Mico chrysoleucos)
Black And White Tassel-ear Marmoset (M.humeralifer)
Manicore Marmoset (M.manicorensis)
Maués Marmoset (M.mauesi)
Black-tailed Marmoset (M.melanurus)
Sateré Marmoset (M.saterei)
Brazilian Bare-faced Tamarin (Saguinus bicolor)
Saddleback Tamarin (S.fuscicollis)
Emperor Tamarin (S.imperator)
Mottled-face Tamarin (S.inustus)
Silvery-brown Tamarin (S.leucopus)
Golden-handed Tamarin (S.midas)
Moustached Tamarin (S.mystax)
Cotton-headed Tamarin (S.oedipus)
CEBIDAE
White-fronted Capuchin (Cebus albifrons)
Guianan Weeper Capuchin (C.olivaceus)
Spix’s White-fronted Capuchin (C.unicolor)
Varied White-fronted Capuchin (C.versicolor)
Marañó White-fronted Capuchin (C.yuracus)
Bolivian/peruvian Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri boliviensis)
Common Squirrel Monkey (S.sciureus)
Golden-backed Squirrel Monkey (S.ustus)
Guianan Brown Capuchin (Sapajus apella)
Bearded Capuchin (S.libidinosus)
Large-headed Capuchin (S.macrocephalus)
Black-horned Capuchin (S.nigritus)
Crested Capuchin (S.robustus)
Buff-headed Capuchin (S.xanthosternos)
AOTIDAE
Azara’s Night Monkey (Aotus azarae)
Brumback’s Night Monkey (A.brumbacki)
Grey-handed Night Monkey (A.griseimembra)
Andean Night Monkey (A.miconax)
Nancy Ma’s Night Monkey (A.nancymaae)
Black-headed Night Monkey (A.nigriceps)
Night Monkey (A.vociferans)
PITHECIIDAE
Bald-headed Uacari (Cacajao calvus)
Black-headed Uacari (C.melanocephalus)
Coastal Black-handed Titi (Callicebus melanochir)
Black-fronted Titi Monkey (C.nigrifrons)
Atlantic Titi (C.personatus)
Widow Monkey (Cheracebus lucifer)
Collared Titi (C.lugens)
Colombian Black-handed Titi (C.medemi)
Red-nosed Bearded Saki (Chiropotes albinasus)
Bearded Saki (C.chiropotes)
Golden-faced Saki (Pithecia chrysocephala)
Gray’s Bald-faced Saki (P.irrorata)
Geoffroy’s Monk Saki (P.monachus)
Golden-faced Saki (P.pithecia)
Ryland’s Saki Monkey (P.rylandsi)
Baptista Lake Titi Monkey (Plecturocebus baptista)
Prince Bernhard’s Titi Monkey (P.bernhardi)
Brown Titi Monkey (P.brunneus)
Caquetá Tití Monkey (P.caquetensis)
Ashy Black Titi Monkey (P.cinerascens)
Coppery Titi Monkey (P.cupreus)
Red Titi Monkey (P.discolor)
Hoffmann’s Titi Monkey (P.hoffmannsi)
Red-bellied Titi Monkey (P.moloch)
San Martin Titi Monkey (P.oenanthe)
Ornate Tití Monkey (P.ornatus)
Chacoan Titi Monkey (P.pallescens)
ATELIDAE
Red-handed Howler Monkey (Alouatta belzebul)
Black-and-gold Howler Monkey (A.caraya)
Brown Howler Monkey (A.guariba)
Guianan Red Howler Monkey (A.macconnelli)
Black Howler Monkey (A.nigerrima)
Bolivian Red Howler Monkey (A.sara)
Venezuelan Red Howler Monkey (A.seniculus)
Black-faced Black Spider Monkey (Ateles chamek)
Variegated Spider Monkey (A.hybridus)
White-cheeked Spider Monkey (A.marginatus)
Guiana Spider Monkey (A.paniscus)
Muriqui (Brachyteles arachnoides)
Northern Muriqui (B.hypoxanthus)
Peruvian Yellow-tailed Woolly Monkey (Lagothrix flavicauda)
Common Woolly Monkey (L.lagothricha)
Colombian Woolly Monkey (L.lugens)
HOMINIDAE
Human (Homo sapiens)
SCIURIDAE
Amazon Dwarf Squirrel (Microsciurus flaviventer)
Santander Dwarf Squirrel (M.santanderensis)
Neotropical Pygmy Squirrel (Sciurillus pusillus)
Guianan Squirrel (Sciurus aestuans)
Yellow-throated Squirrel (S.gilvigularis)
Red-tailed Squirrel (S.granatensis)
Northern Amazon Red Squirrel (S.igniventris)
Andean Squirrel (S.pucheranii)
Southern Amazon Red Squirrel (S.spadiceus)
Guayaquil Squirrel (S.stramineus)
CRICETIDAE
Andean Akodont (Abrothrix andinus)
Long-haired Akodont (A.longipilis)
Olive Grass Mouse (A.olivaceus)
Sanborn’s Grass Mouse (A.sanborni)
Highland Grass Mouse (Akodon aerosus)
White-bellied Grass Mouse (A.albiventer)
Azara’s Grass Mouse (A.azarae)
Crafty Vesper Mouse (Calomys callidus)
Large Vesper Mouse (C.callosus)
Small Vesper Mouse (C.laucha)
Kemp’s Grass Mouse (Deltamys kempi)
Elegant Rice Rat (Euryoryzomys nitidus)
Chaco Leaf-eared Mouse (Graomys chacoensis)
Gray Leaf-eared Mouse (G.griseoflavus)
Western Amazonian oryzomys (Hylaeamys perenensis)
Yungas Rice Rat (H.yunganus)
Tomes’s Rice Rat (Nephelomys albigularis)
Grey-bellied Nephelomys (N.moerex)
Bicolored Arboreal Rice Rat (Oecomys bicolor)
Foothill Arboreal Rice Rat (O.superans)
Destructive Pygmy Rice Rat (Oligoryzomys destructor)
Black-footed Pygmy Rice Rat (O.nigripes)
Red Hocicudo (Oxymycterus rufus)
Yellow-rumped Leaf-eared Mouse (Phyllotis xanthopygus)
White-footed Climbing Mouse (Rhipidomys leucodactylus)
Splendid Climbing Mouse (R.nitela)
Peruvian Cotton Rat (Sigmodon peruanus)
Strong-tailed Oldfield Mouse (Thomasomys ischyrus)
MURIDAE
House Rat (Rattus rattus)
ERETHIZONTIDAE
Bicolor-spined Porcupine (Coendou bicolor)
Black-tailed Hairy Dwarf Porcupine (C.melanurus)
Brazilian Porcupine (C.prehensilis)
CHINCHILLIDAE
Northern Mountain Viscacha (Lagidium peruanum)
Plains Viscacha (Lagostomus maximus)
CAVIIDAE
Brazilian Guinea Pig (Cavia aperea)
Patagonian Cavy (Dolichotis patagonum)
Dwarf Patagonian Cavy (D.salinicola)
Common Yellow-toothed Cavy (Galea musteloides)
Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris)
Southern Mountain Cavy (Microcavia australis)
DASYPROCTIDAE
Azara’s Agouti (Dasyprocta azarae)
Black Agouti (D.fuliginosa)
Red-rumped Agouti (D.leporina)
Central American Agouti (D.punctata)
CUNICULIDAE
Spotted Paca (Cuniculus paca)
Mountain Paca (C.taczanowskii)
CTENOMYIDAE
Highland Tuco-tuco (Ctenomys opimus)
ECHIMYIDAE
Amazon Bamboo Rat (Dactylomys dactylinus)
Arboreal Soft-furred Spiny Rat (Diplomys caniceps)
Armored Rat (Hoplomys gymnurus) (?)
Brazilian Spiny Tree Rat (Makalata didelphoides)
Spiny Tree Rat (Mesomys hispidus)
Huallaga Spiny Rat (Proechimys brevicauda)
O’Connell’s Spiny Rat (P.oconnelli)
Giant Tree Rat (Toromys grandis)
MYOCASTORIDAE
Coypu (Myocastor coypus)
LEPORIDAE
European Hare (Lepus europaeus)
Andean Rabbit (Sylvilagus andinus)
Tapeti (S.brasiliensis)
EMBALLONURIDAE
Chestnut Sac-winged Bat (Cormura brevirostris)
Northern Ghost Bat (Diclidurus albus)
Greater Dog-like Bat (Peropteryx kappleri)
White-winged Dog-like Bat (P.leucoptera)
Lesser Dog-like Bat (P.macrotis)
Pallid-winged Dog-like Bat (P.pallidoptera)
Proboscis Bat (Rhynchonycteris naso)
Greater Sac-winged Bat; Greater White-lined Bat (Saccopteryx bilineata)
Frosted Sac-winged Bat; Frosted White-lined Bat (S.canescens)
Amazonian Sac-winged Bat (S.gymnura)
Lesser Sac-winged Bat; Lesser White-lined Bat (S.leptura)
PHYLLOSTOMIDAE
Tailed Tailless Bat (Anoura caudifer)
Handley’s Tailless Bat (A.cultrata)
Tube-lipped Tailless Bat (A.fistulata)
Geoffroy’s Tailless Bat (A.geoffroyi)
Brown Fruit-eating Bat (Artibeus concolor)
Jamaican Fruit-eating Bat (A.jamaicensis)
Great Fruit-eating Bat (A.lituratus)
Dark Fruit-eating Bat (A.obscurus)
Flat-faced Fruit-eating Bat (A.planirostris)
Benkeith’s Short-tailed Bat (Carollia benkeithi)
Silky Short-tailed Bat (C.brevicauda)
Seba’s Short-tailed Bat (C.perspicillata)
Hairy Big-eyed Bat (Chiroderma villosum)
Andersen’s Fruit-eating Bat (Dermanura anderseni)
Gervais’s Fruit-eating Bat (D.cinerea)
Silver Fruit-eating Bat (D.glauca)
Dwarf Fruit-eating Bat (D.gnoma)
Common Vampire Bat (Desmodus rotundus)
Striped Hairy-nosed Bat (Gardnerycteris crenulatum)
Brown Long-tongued Bat; Commissaris’s Long-tongued Bat (Glossophaga commissarisi)
Miller’s Long-tongued Bat (G.longirostris)
Common Long-tongued Bat; Pallas’s Long-tongued Bat (G.soricina)
White-throated Round-eared Bat (Lophostoma silvicolum)
Pirlot’s Big-eared Bat (Micronycteris homezi)
Little Big-eared Bat (M.megalotis)
Common Big-eared Bat (M.microtis)
Tiny Big-eared Bat (M.minuta)
Pale-faced Bat (Phylloderma stenops)
Lesser Spear-nosed Bat (Phyllostomus elongatus)
Greater Spear-nosed Bat (P.hastatus)
Guianan Spear-nosed Bat (P.latifolius)
Short-headed Broad-nosed Bat (Platyrrhinus brachycephalus)
Inca Broad-nosed Bat (P.incarum)
Buffy Broad-nosed Bat (P.infuscus)
Fischer’s Little Fruit Bat (Rhinophylla fischerae)
Dwarf Little Fruit Bat (R.pumilio)
Hairy Yellow-shouldered Bat (Sturnira erythromos)
Little Yellow-shouldered Bat (S.lilium)
Tilda Yellow-shouldered Bat (S.tildae)
Stripe-headed Round-eared Bat (Tonatia saurophila)
Fringe-lipped Bat (Trachops cirrhosus)
Niceforo’s Big-eared Bat (Trinycteris nicefori)
Common Tent-making Bat (Uroderma bilobatum)
Brown Tent-making Bat (U.magnirostrum)
Little Yellow-eared Bat (Vampyressa pusilla)
Northern Little Yellow-eared Bat (V.thyone)
Bedentate Yellow-eared Bat (Vampyriscus bidens)
Brock’s Yellow-eared Bat (V.brocki)
MORMOOPIDAE
Wagner’s Common Mustached Bat (Pteronotus rubiginosus)
NOCTILIONIDAE
Lesser Bulldog Bat; Lesser Fishing Bat (Noctilio albiventris)
Greater Bulldog Bat; Greater Fishing Bat (N.leporinus)
MOLOSSIDAE
Cinnamon Dog-faced Bat (Cynomops abrasus)
Dwarf Bonneted Bat (Eumops bonariensis)
Dwarf Dog-faced Bat (Molossops temminckii)
Pallas’s Mastiff Bat (Molossus molossus)
Broad-eared Bat (Nyctinomops laticaudatus)
Brazilian Free-tailed Bat (Tadarida brasiliensis)
VESPERTILIONIDAE
Argentine Brown Bat (Eptesicus furinalis)
Silver-tipped Myotis (Myotis albescens)
Black Myotis (M.nigricans)
Montane Myotis (M.oxyotus)
Riparian Myotis (M.riparius)
FELIDAE
Domestic Cat (Felis catus)
Jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi)
Pampas Cat (Leopardus colocolo)
Geoffroy’s Cat (L.geoffroyi)
Andean Cat (L.jacobita)
Ocelot (L.pardalis)
Jaguar (Panthera onca)
Puma (Puma concolor)
CANIDAE
Short-eared Dog (Atelocynus microtis)
Crab-eating Fox (Cerdocyon thous)
Maned Wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus)
Culpeo (Lycalopex culpaeus)
Darwin’s Fox (L.fulvipes)
South American Grey Fox (L.griseus)
Pampas Fox (L.gymnocercus)
Sechura Fox (L.sechurae)
URSIDAE
Spectacled Bear (Tremarctos ornatus)
OTARIIDAE
South American Sea Lion (Otaria byronia)
PHOCIDAE
Southern Elephant Seal (Mirounga leonina)
MUSTELIDAE
Lesser Grison (Galictis cuja)
Marine Otter (Lontra felina)
Neotropical Otter (L.longicaudis)
Southern River Otter (L.provocax)
Giant Otter (Pteronura brasiliensis)
MEPHITIDAE
Humboldt’s Hog-nosed Skunk (Conepatus humboldtii)
PROCYONIDAE
Allen’s Olingo (Bassaricyon alleni)
Olinguito (B.neblina)
South American Coati (Nasua nasua)
Kinkajou (Potos flavus)
Crab-eating Raccoon (Procyon cancrivorus)
EQUIDAE
Domestic Donkey (Equus asinus)
TAPIRIDAE
Mountain Tapir (Tapirus pinchaque)
Lowland Tapir (T.terrestris)
SUIDAE
Domestic Pig (Sus domesticus)
TAYASSUIDAE
Chacoan Peccary (Catagonus wagneri)
Collared Peccary (Pecari tajacu)
White-lipped Peccary (Tayassu pecari)
CAMELIDAE
Guanaco (Lama guanicoe)
Vicuna (Vicugna vicugna)
CERVIDAE
Chital (Axis axis)
Marsh Deer (Blastocerus dichotomus)
Taruca (Hippocamelus antisensis)
Patagonian Huemul (H.bisulcus)
Red Brocket (Mazama americana)
Gray Brocket (M.gouazoubira)
Amazonian Brown Brocket (M.nemorivaga)
White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
Pampas Deer (Ozotoceros bezoarticus)
Southern Pudu (Pudu puda)
BALAENIDAE
Southern Right Whale (Eubalaena australis)
BALAENOPTERIDAE
Bryde’s Whale (Balaenoptera brydei) (?)
DELPHINIDAE
Commerson’s Dolphin (Cephalorhynchus commersonii)
Chilean Dolphin (C.eutropia)
Peale’s Dolphin (Lagenorhynchus australis)
Tucuxi (Sotalia fluviatilis)
Guiana Dolphin (S.guianensis)
PHOCOENIDAE
Burmeister’s Porpoise (Phocoena spinipinnis)
INIIDAE
Boto (Inia geoffrensis)

322 SPECIES

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